In 19th October 2005, the General Conference of UNESCO adopted acclamation of Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights. For the first time in history of bioethics, Member States including Malaysia and the international community apply the fundamental principles of bioethics set forth by UNESCO. In dealing with ethical issues raised in medicine, life sciences and associated technologies as applied to human beings, the Declaration, as reflected in its title, anchors the principles it endorses in the rules that govern respect for human dignity, human rights and fundamental freedom. By enshrining bioethics in international human rights and by ensuring respect for the life of human beings, the Declaration recognizes the interrelation between ethics and human rights in the specific field of bioethics. Together with the Declaration, the General Conference of UNESCO adopted a resolution which calls upon Member States to make every effort to give effect to the principles set out in the Declaration and invites members to take appropriate steps to ensure the follow-up to the Declaration, including its widest possible dissemination.
Therefore, it is proposed that the UniSZA Human Research Ethics Committee (UHREC) should set out the obligations for all University researchers, staff and students to be aware of the ethical framework governing research in the University and to comply with institutional and regulatory requirements.